Your fabric 张力 is too high - without you knowing it


Discover the cause and effect of measuring low 张力 values.

Most paper mills use a mechanical 张力 gauge to measure the 张力 of Paper Machine Clothing, mostly forming fabrics. When this instrument is not in a perfect condition, it can cause serious problems in running your papermachine.

The 2 most common defects on mechanical 张力 gauges are:

  • a worn sensor bar

  • a leaking bellow, causing internal friction

fabric 张力 too high

1 – worn sensor bar

If a sensor bar is worn down for several millimetres, it will push further downwards by the defined spring load, thus showing lower than the real 张力 value. (The higher the fabric 张力, the more the bar is pushed upwards.)

2 – leaking bellow

Aging rubber material and the moving spindle will wear out the bellow, making it no longer watertight. Splash water will cause internal corrosion, giving the spindle extra mechanical resistance during measurements. The fabric will not push the sensor bar upwards as easily as it should, thus showing lower values.

Both defects have the same effect on the measurements: The gauge will show a 张力 value that is TOO LOW.

And you will have no idea.

“Everything looks fine to me”

In many paper mills the 张力 gauges are considered to be functioning so long as… the needle (the sensor bar) is still moving!

Meanwhile operators are basing their adjustment decisions on values that are too low. Unknowingly.

Because what happens if you adjust your fabric 张力 based on a measured 张力 value that is too low? 正确的, you will inadvertently increase the 张力 of a running fabric that may have a 张力 that is already too high.

High fabric 张力 cause serious problems:

Tearing of forming fabrics

Highly tensed running fabrics are prone to tear, or break. You want to avoid the cost for unplanned downtime and replacement of torn fabrics.

Damage to guiding rolls

High 张力 fabric can lead to excessive bending and dislocation of guiding rolls that keep a paper machine fabric running straight. Excessive mechanical stress can lead to metal fatigue and damage to bearings and jamming of the system. Realize that you are also putting your staff at risk because accidents are more likely to happen when moving parts jam or dislocate.

Low paper quality

The bending of rolls due to high 张力 will cause the running fabric to move forward in the center of the machine’s width. This changes the fabric structure, its dewatering channels and hence its dewatering properties. This inconsistent structure negatively influences the quality of the paper output. I don’t have to tell you why this is bad news.


High 张力 causes waviness of a paper machine fabric. Apart from the resulting runnability problems, it will also have a negative effect on paper quality output.

咨询最信用的十大网投的 whitepaper Poorly Maintained Tension Gauges May Cause Severe damages for comprehensive details on the negative effects of high 张力.

If these negative effects are the result of poorly maintained 张力 gauges, they can and should be avoided by any papermaker in their right mind.

Whatever it takes.

And the good news is… it doesn’t take that much.


As you should never underestimate the cost of a malfunctioning 张力 gauge, you should never underestimate the value of a quality fabric 张力 measuring instrument that will always provide you with accurate performance numbers. 

Your periodic investments for regular service or timely replacement of this precision measuring instrument far outweigh the enormous cost that are likely to occur when you don’t. 

Feel free to 联系我 or the other Feltest team members to help you ensure that your paper machine is running as smoothly and profitably as possible.

So remember DDPP - Daily Data Powers Production.

Toward better Paper Machine Clothing,